The root canal cavity is present at the center of every tooth and houses the pulp. The pulp composes of the blood vessels that nourish the tooth and the nerves that are responsible for the tooth sensation. But, when the pulp develops an infection, it can put the entire tooth at risk of being extracted. This is called a root canal infection.
What are the symptoms of root canal infection?
- Patients with root canal infection usually go through a lot of pain while biting and chewing food. Even brushing and flossing the teeth can be quite painful.
- The infected tooth could become extremely sensitive to hot and cold foods. You can feel it when you experience a sharp sensation in a particular tooth rather than all the teeth.
- Gums near the infected tooth start to bleed and release pus. Sometimes, the gums would bleed as well.
- When the infection is left untreated for a long time, it could spread to the nearby teeth and gums as well. Over time, it may affect the underlying jawbone as well and lead to deterioration.
- Due to jawbone deterioration, the infected tooth could loosen from its socket. In extreme cases, there could be tooth loss.
What causes root canal infection?
The leading causes of root canal infection are:
- External trauma
- Gum diseases
How can root canal infections be treated?
During the initial appointment, we carefully screen the teeth and take x-rays of the mouth. It will help us to analyze the structure of the jawbone and the extent of the decay within the root canal cavity as well. Next, you will be prepared for the treatment procedure. The teeth will be cleaned and disinfected to remove microbes from around the infected tooth.
Local anesthesia will be given to the gums to keep you from pain and discomfort during the procedure. In order to remove the infected pulp from the root canal cavity, a small access hole will be made on the infected tooth using high-precision dental instruments. With the help of tiny files, the dentist removes the infected pulp. Also, the walls of the cavity will be scrubbed to remove the adhered microbes. They will be washed off using a jet of water.
Schedule an online appointment or call us at (408) 578-0240 to have a consultation with Dr. Martinez, and we'll be happy to guide you further.