Periodontal diseases affect the gums and bone surrounding the tooth. They occur as a result of the continuous accumulation of plaque, a sticky film of food remnant, saliva, and bacteria on the teeth. The bacteria in the plaque attack the gums and causes bleeding, swelling, and redness. The procedures and services that help treat or prevent these diseases are known as periodontal services.
Different types of periodontal services
The procedures offered under these services are:
Scaling and root planing
This is a non-surgical and non-invasive periodontal procedure. The elaborate process involves two steps and taking multiple trips to the periodontist. Firstly, the dentist removes the plaque and calculus (tartar) from the surfaces above and below the gumline. The root planing step involves draining the bacterial toxins from the teeth root to smoothen it and help gums reattach with teeth.
Gum graft surgery
Gum diseases can often lead to gum recession, which exposes teeth root to decay. With gum graft surgery, the periodontist takes gum tissue from the patient's palate or a suitable donor and then uses it to cover the exposed root. The procedure can be carried out for a single tooth or multiple teeth to help even the gum line.
The procedure aims at regenerating the tissue and bone structure lost due to periodontal diseases. In this procedure, the dentist removes the disease-causing bacteria and folds back the gum tissue to reverse the damage caused due to periodontal diseases. The next step involves supplying the body with tissue-stimulating proteins, bone grafts, or membranes to encourage its natural ability to regrow bone and tissue.
Pocket reduction procedures
When suffering from periodontal disease, the supporting tissue, and bone around the teeth are destroyed and develop deep pockets. Over time, these pockets get deeper, allowing more disease-causing bacteria to accumulate in them. However, these pockets can be cleaned to avoid undergoing surgery. During the procedure, the dentist folds the gum back and cleans it thoroughly to get rid of the bacteria and then places the tissue back in place. Reducing the pocket depth is pivotal in preventing recurrence of the disease and restricting its extent. The procedure greatly decreases the chances of serious health complications due to periodontal disease.
Schedule an online appointment or call us at (408) 578-0240 to have a consultation with Dr. Martinez, and we'll be happy to guide you further.