The best preferred dental option is to keep the natural teeth intact for as long as possible. However, teeth get damaged and decayed due to various reasons and require immediate extraction. Tooth extraction is performed by an oral surgeon to remove a damaged or loose tooth from its socket. There are two types of tooth extraction procedures.
A simple extraction is performed for teeth that are visible above the gum line and don't involve complications like multiple cracks, chips, or long roots. The tooth is loosened using an elevator and is pulled out using forceps. The procedure is carried out under local anesthesia.
A surgical extraction is performed when the teeth to be extracted are not easily accessible. They lay impacted below the gums or break below the gum line. An incision is made in the gums to access the tooth better, and the tooth is pulled out using forceps. The procedure is carried out under general anesthesia.
When do you require a tooth extraction?
Although permanent teeth are supposed to last a lifetime, you might need a tooth extraction due to various reasons like:
- Certain times teeth get inflicted with large cavities that run deep and reach the roots. These teeth cannot be saved with either crowns or root canal treatment.
- Periodontal or gum diseases cause the gums to recede and pull back from the surface of teeth. As a result, the teeth become loose and require extraction.
- It is important to extract impacted teeth because they cause infections and negatively affect the neighboring teeth. The extraction of impacted teeth requires a surgical procedure.
- Some teeth need to be removed from the mouth to eliminate overcrowding.
- Dental trauma from injuries to the mouth leaves the teeth chipped, cracked, broken, and fractured. Such damage is often irreversible and requires immediate tooth extraction.
How is tooth extraction performed?
The dentist numbs the damaged tooth and its surrounding gums using general anesthesia. An incision is made in the gums to expose the underlying tooth. The tooth is intact in the socket and needs to be loosened before extraction. Your dentist will use elevators to separate the tooth from the surrounding ligaments and pull it out using forceps. Once the tooth has been removed, the gum is stitched back in place.
Schedule an online appointment or call us at (408) 578-0240 to have a consultation with Dr. Martinez, and we'll be happy to guide you further.